The two major concerns in today’s world are the increasing population and the continuously increasing environmental problems. The rise is the population has mostly been controlled by the measure adopted by the government, but the environmental and pollution seems to be ever increasing.
To put this to a full stop, India’s Most Honorable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi initiated the “Swacch Bharat Abhiyan” on 2nd October in the year 2014. The project aimed at living a healthier life and a better future full of resources for our future generations. The mission consists of two submissions.
The first submission is Swacch Bharat Abhiyan (Rural) which is under the Ministry of Drinking water and Sanitation and the second one is Swacch Bharat Abhiyan (Urban) which is under the Ministry of Housing and Urban.
The movement won an overwhelming support from the citizens of India, be it the common man or well-known Bollywood celebrities. This movement was a super hit among the people of all the age groups and several actions were taken in support of it. Many government employees, school students, college students and celebs participated from various cities, towns and associated rural areas.
The best and the most basic way to protect the environment is to “Go Green”. The greater the number of plants or greenery in the locality, the cleaner is the environment. It is also popularly said that – If you cut one tree plant four instead. So much focus is laid on the plantation of trees because plants intake the polluted air consisting of carbon dioxide, which is harmful for humans as well as animals, and give out the life supporting oxygen instead. When attention was paid to such basics, then the outcome was positive.
India became one of the few developing countries that had its area of greenery growing. An increase in the number of forests and trees cover in a significant in view of the fact that forests are meeting near about 30% of the total need of fuel wood, that is, the fundamental source of energy and 40% of fodder ingesting livestock’s are relying on fodder wholly or partly arises from forests. The remaining necessity of fuel wood is mostly fulfilled by plantation (trees outside the forest) and few other sources.
Indian houses over 47,000 recorded species of plants and 100,000 recorded species of animals. Gladly many people and organizations have come forward to their protection. The Indian government has also started “Eco tourism in protected areas” in order to generate revenues which can be used for the welfare of forests and their varied species and organisms. The major Eco tourism sites are mostly the National Parks and the Sanctuaries. India has been continuously discovering both new and old plants and animals. More than five million zoological specimens, which includes nearly 17,000 Type specimens, fossils and collections from various archaeological sites across the nation, are kept in the National Zoological Collections. The Coral Reef Restoration at Gulf of Kachchh by ZSI is a prospering and novel attempt made across the globe to restitute coral species that are now extinct at the Gulf of Kachchh nearly 10,000 years back from now.